Bible Calendar

Bible Calendar
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In the Bible, the word for month, chodesh, literally means New Moon. 

When the Bible refers to a date, it is literally referring to the count down from the last New Moon. (Remember 1 Samuel 20:5, 18 & 24-27 from the previous page Sabbath Surprise.)

The Creator’s calendar has two categories of days that do not exist in the modern papal/pagan calendar: New Moons and translation days. Once these are understood, it is easier to grasp how time was originally calculated.
And drowned Pharaoh and all his army.

In addition to revealing YHWH's power to save, the Exodus account is valuable because it also Reveals the Creator's original calendar lay-out.

In Exodus 12:2, the first thing YHWH instructed Moses and Aaron was that That month was to be the first month of the year for them. (The Biblical New Year begins with the New Moon closest to the vernal equinox.)

On the 10th day of the month, the people were to select a lamb.

This lamb was to be A male, Without blemish, Could be from the sheep or the goats, and Had to be within the first year of life.

On the 14th day of the month, this lamb was to be Killed at twilight.

Next they were to Paint the lamb's blood on the doorposts of their homes; roast the lamb with fire and eat it that night, leaving none until morning.

The event was called "YHWH's Passover" because On that night He would pass through Egypt and slay all the first born of the Egyptians, but He would "pass over" the homes of the Israelites that were covered with the blood of the lamb and spare their lives in the plague of death.

After YHWH passed over Egypt, Pharaoh told Moses and Aaron "Rise, go out from among my people, all of you, and serve YHWH as you have said. Take your animals, too."

The Children of Israel left Egypt On the 15th day of the first month, at night when the Sabbath was over.

The Sabbath only falls on the 8th, 15th, 22nd, and 29th day of the month. And Passover is not January 14th.

Yahushua the Messiah, the Lamb of YHWH which taketh away the sins of the world, died on Passover, The 14th of the first month, which is The sixth day of the week, the Preparation day.

The cross, being the culmination of all the Passover shadows, confirms The seventh-day Sabbath follows the Passover on the 15th, Yahushua was resurrected on the 16th of the month, the first day of the week.

When is the New Moon?

The moon begins re-illuminating immediately after passing through conjunction.
A day cannot simultaneously be part of the old month and part of the new month. The day that conjunction takes place is part of the old month because it began before conjunction took place.
Therefore, the first dawn after conjunction takes place is the beginning of the new month.
When reckoning by the First Dawn After Conjunction, all countries of the world will experience the arrival of Yahuwah's Sabbath and Feast Days within one 24-hour solar revolution.

Ezekiel 46:1 establishes that there are three different types of days: (1) New Moon Days (2) Work Days (3) Sabbath Days
  • Thus says the Master Yahuwah: The gateway of the inner court that faces toward the east shall be shut the six working days; but on the Sabbath it shall be opened, and on the day of the New Moon it shall be opened.
Pot of Manna

The story of YHWH providing manna in the month after the Israelites left Egypt Confirms His calendar system ! !

On the 15th day of the second month after they departed from Egypt, the Israelites Accused Moses and Aaron of bringing them into the Wilderness to kill them by starvation.

YHWH's response was that He would rain bread from heaven which the people would gather a certain amount each day.

Moses and Aaron told the Israelites that they would Receive meat that night and bread from Heaven in the morning ! !

At evening, the meat sent was Quail ! ! !

In the morning when the dew had melted away, what remained Was a small, round substance that tasted like honey !

On the sixth day of the week (Preparation day for the seventh-day Sabbath), the people were to Gather twice as much as they normally did.

The reason for this was because The next day was the seventh-day Sabbath and there would be nothing to gather.

The Children of Israel ate manna Forty years ! Until they arrived in Canaan !

The Septuagint clarifies That the Israelites journeyed on the 14th of the second month, complained on Sabbath, the fifteenth, and were sent quail that night when Sabbath was over.

Forty Years Later

And the children of Israel encamped in Gilgal, and kept the passover on the fourteenth day of the month at even in the plains of Jericho. And they did eat of the old corn of the land on the morrow after the passover, unleavened cakes, and parched corn in the selfsame day. And the manna ceased on the morrow after they had eaten of the old corn of the land; neither had the children of Israel manna any more; but they did eat of the fruit of the land of Canaan that year. Joshua 5:10-12

13th Month

It is a luni-solar calendar: a calendar that ties lunar months to a solar year. The average lunar year is 354 days long. This is eleven days short of the 365-day long solar year. After year 2 it is now 22 days behind. After year 3 it is 33 days behind so a 13th month of winter to keep seasons in line or catch up with the solar year.

In Ezekiel 1:1-2 we are told that Ezekiel received a vision from YHWH on the 5th day of the fourth month, in the fifth year of king Jehoiachin’s captivity.

Then in Ezekiel 3:15 we find that Ezekiel dwelt by the river Chebar for seven days bringing us to the 11th day of the fourth month, in the fifth year of king Jehoiachin’s captivity.

Now, in Ezekiel 4:1-11 he is given instructions by YHWH to lay on his left side 390 days and when he accomplishes this he is to then lay on his right side 40 days; equaling a total of 430 days. Ezekiel was told to make enough bread to last him the entire 430 days.

The next time reference in Ezekiel is found in chapter 8:1 where we see that Ezekiel was sitting in his house in the sixth year of king Jehoiachin’s captivity on the 5th day of the sixth month.

From the 11th day of the fourth month, in the fifth year to the 5th day of the sixth month in the sixth year is only 413 days (17 days short). If this year was a 13th month then he would have obeyed the instructions.

Translation Days

A lunation never has less than 29 days or more than 30 days. This is a demonstrable astronomical fact. The 30th of the month, like the first of the month, was not part of the seven-day weekly cycle. However, it was counted and did have a date. “Translation day” is an astronomical term that is not found in Scripture. However, the fact that the Biblical months were based on the cycles of the moon is sufficient proof that they exist in the Biblical calendar.